Automotive Tips

How to Repair Automotive Electrical Wiring

The automotive industry has developed considerably in the contemporary world. The automotive companies are incorporating advanced technologies in their automotive products, such as cars, in the prevailing age. The advanced technologies and equipments, incorporated in the cars, have made the vehicles faster and high performance ones. But the complicated automotive technologies, including the automotive electrical wiring, may go out of order, if they get frazzled. An automotive engine may get exhausted due to the continuous running of the car or due to extreme heat. It is then that the automotive electrical wiring may melt, causing the engine to stop completely.

Automotive Electrical Wiring Repair Tips

Repairing the automotive electrical wiring can be an extremely difficult task for you. But, if you have a proper guide book for your car and the appropriate tools, you can fix or repair the automotive electrical wiring of your vehicle easily. You will be able to save a lot of money by this way, as getting the electrical wiring repaired from a repairing shop or servicing center may take a chunk out of your pocket.

If you want to repair the automotive electrical wiring of your car all by yourself, then you need to own few tools, which include basic multimeter, electrical repair kit, your car’s repair manual and heat shrink tubing or electrical tape. The manuals for auto repair provided by the branded auto part firms contain wiring diagrams at the back. You can refer to the diagrams and easily get your automotive electrical wiring repaired all by yourself.

Automotie Electrical Wiring Repair

If you want to fix the broken down solderless connectors of the automotive electrical wiring, then you can follow the easy steps, provided below:

1) At first you need to unplug the old connector and cut it off. The connectors come in different types of styles. How you unplug the connectors depends on its type. For example, inline splices or butt connectors can get cut off on either sides of connector, where as terminal variety requires the removal of the bolt or screw. After the removal of the screw, you can cut off the connector. Spade lugs can just be pulled off from the male connect.

2) Then you have got to strip the end. One needs to cut the wire end cleanly and put the wire in the stripper. You must grip the wire tightly with the stripper. But 3/4 inch of the wire has to stick out of the stripper. The wire then is needed to be pulled out, which will also remove ¼ inch of insulator. The wire end is needed to be twisted too.

Wiring Repair

3) The new connector is needed to be crimped. The wire’s stripped end should be inserted into connector until the connector bottoms out. You must pay attention to the connector color after that and put the connector 1/8 of an inch as of the end of the wire part of connector. The whole thing should be put into crimp jaws of crimper and squeezed tightly.

You must also fix the light, which does not come on. For repairing a flawed brake, turn signal or headlight, you need to follow few steps, including doing the Swap Test, probing the wires for power, checking the switch and to trace the broken wire. You will be able to do these easily with the help of effective car manuals.

RAV4 ECM Repair – Why Specific Models May Need It

The ECM or ECU is the electronic module at the heart of the Rav 4’s transmission system. In this instance, ECM stands for Electronic Control Module. You may also hear the item referred to as the Electronic Control Unit, which is shorthand for the same thing.

It is unhelpful, but true, that there is no such thing as a single ECM (or ECU) in a Rav 4. The two contractions are generic motor industry terms for the electronic modules or components specifically installed to perform a number of engine management functions. Therefore, if you were to call a garage and tell them you wanted a Rav 4 ECM repair, they’d ask you what unit you were referring to, and for a much more specific description of the problem.

Symptoms of Faulty ECM

The transmission ECM is known to fail on Rav 4 models released between the years 2000 and 2005. Symptoms of a faulty ECM include knocking when the gearbox is used; a clanking sound in reverse; jumping and bouncing; harsh gear changes; and loss of power through second, third or fourth gears. If left to fail, a replacement ECM can cost more than the value of the car itself. If left until the transmission is ruined, the cost of a fix can be even more.

The failing ECM is essentially losing control of the smoothness of the vehicle’s gear changes. This causes mechanical issues with the moving parts of the transmission – hence the sounds alluded to above.

Toyota RAV4 ECU

It must be noted that failing gears and noises attributed to gears are not only symptoms of a faulty ECM. Before you diagnose the requirement for a Rav 4 ECM repair it may be necessary to eliminate other causes of poor gear change from the field. These include concomitant known issues with early model Rav 4s – for example, the known issue with early diesel versions whose flywheels cannot cope with heavy off road or dragging work.

In this instance, the flywheel begins to spin out of synch and the bolts loosen, causing slippery or juddery gear changes and loss of power. The fix is purely mechanical and may, if caught early, be less expensive than a new transmission – though a partial transmission rebuild is still quite a costly job.

Some five gear models in the catchment years alluded to above also have problems with rough gear changes, which are caused by a gear nut coming loose in fifth gear. Again, this problem is purely mechanical and may have nothing to do with the ECM.

The Toyota warranty applicable to gearbox issues in these early Rav 4 models has now expired, meaning that official Toyota dealers are no longer able to repair the vehicle without charge. It is possible that removal and repair of the ECM itself may correct the issue of harsh changes, though any actual mechanical damage caused by the harsh changing cannot be reversed without replacement of the affected parts.

Benefits of Car Leasing

Whether it is better to buy or lease a car is an argument that has been around for a long time. There are lots of advantages to leasing and if you are still not convinced, here are some benefits of car leasing that might change your mind.

A better car than you could afford

One of the big advantages of leasing is that the payment is worked out based on the residual value of the vehicle at the end of the contract. This means that cars that hold their value well can offer surprisingly attractive lease terms. You may therefore be able to afford to run a much better vehicle than if you were buying.

Controllable costs

Running a car can cost more than you think. With a lease you have a single monthly payment to make over the two- or three-year period of the lease. You can opt to include maintenance in this payment, which means that opting for car leasing can give you control over your motoring costs with no unexpected surprises.

Car Leasing Advantages

No up-front payment

When buying a car with a loan you will usually have to come up with a sizeable deposit. There is no need for this when leasing, as you will usually only have to pay a few months’ rental in advance; therefore, there will be no need to dip into your savings as you would when buying.

No trade-in

One of the big car leasing benefits is that there is no need to worry about low trade-in values. If you already own a car, you can simply sell it and enjoy the cash with none of the hassle of trying to negotiate a good price with a dealer.

Benefits of Car Leasing

No worry about depreciation

When you buy a car the biggest cost is depreciation, which is the amount of money you lose when you come to sell the car. If you try car leasing you don’t have to worry about this. You simply hand the car back at the end of the lease and take out a new deal if required.

There are plenty more benefits of car leasing and it pays to examine the options carefully. Some people don’t like the idea of not owning the vehicle themselves; however, if you can overcome your doubts, leasing can be a very attractive option.

Why Checking Your Tire Pressure Is Vital And Important

Tire Pressure

You have probably heard the phrase ‘walking on air’ meaning a very happy frame of mind. But when you are driving (irrespective of your frame of mind), you are actually riding on air. The inside of your tire contains compressed air, which supports the weight of your car and also absorbs vibrations, cushioning your ride.

The pressure of the air in your tires is crucial because it not only affects the vehicle performance, but is critical from a safety point of view.

Thus checking tire pressure is both vital and important. Unfortunately, several motorists take tire pressure for granted.

Some Shocking Statistics

According to a survey conducted by the RAC Foundation, 2 million motorists in the UK never check their tire pressure. The survey further discovered that half the women drivers and a majority of young drivers do not know the recommended tire pressures of their vehicles. The tire Industry Council found that at least 90% of the cars tested as part of a tire safety campaign had under inflated or over inflated tires.

These statistics become all the more chilling when taken in conjunction with this one – 75% of all accidents caused by tire blowouts are attributable to incorrect tire inflation.

incorrect tire inflationIt does seem a shame that so many accidents and injuries (some fatal) are occurring when the solution is as simple as checking your tire pressure regurally.

Dangers of Improper Tire Inflation – Why Checking tire Pressure is Vital

Over inflated tires have a reduced surface contact patch. As less of the tires touch the surface, you experience greater bouncing and ride comfort goes for a toss. Not good news for your back and spine surely, particularly if you have a long commute every day.

Also grip reduces, as the contact patch has been compromised and you would find it more difficult to steer and brake. So all in all, your control on the car is compromised. Not a very appealing prospect, is it?

is it

With under inflated tires, the risks are even higher. Having the exact opposite effect as over inflated tires, the under inflated tires have a greater than normal contact area with the driving surface. This increases friction and generates more heat, increasing the chances of a tire blow out. Again, the increased friction can affect your ability to steer the car as precisely as you would like to.

Why Checking Tire Pressure is Important

Well if you have not (yet) been motivated by the above ‘life-saving’ reasons to maintain optimal tire pressure in your car, here are some more reasons.

Improperly inflated tires wear out faster. And you will need to buy new tires at very frequent intervals.

When air pressure in your tires is not at the recommended levels, the fuel consumption is higher. Handy hint: if you are finding yourself at the fuel pumps all too often, it is time to check the tire pressure.

And oh, yes, if you are a bit of an environmentalist, you will be happy to note that driving on tires with the right air pressure optimises fuel consumption and reduces carbon dioxide emissions. Thus you are doing your bit for the environment.

So when are you going to check your tire pressure next?

How to Travel to Canada by Car

US into Canada

Travelling to Canada from the US is becoming increasingly popular every year. No longer are people choosing to fly to the country since more can be taken in of its spectacular sights by travelling to Canada by car.

Crossing The Border

Crossing the border from the US into Canada is relatively simple. All passengers will need to be carrying up to date passports and correct driving identification. If children are travelling without their parents then a letter of consent must also be shown at border control.

US-Canada

Without this paper and authorisation the children may not be allowed in so please bear this in mind.

Auto-Insurance

When travelling to Canada by car. auto-insurance must also be up to date. It is always a good idea to check wuth your insurance company that your vehicle is in fact covered once it has crossed into Canada. You may find that you will have to pay a small fee for an upgrade. Remember that if you are stopped in Canada by the traffic police you may be fined heavily if your auto-insurance isnt insured in Canada.

Auto-Insurance

Incorrect insurance can also cost you heavily should you have an accident.

Servicing Your Vehicle Before Your Journey

How to travel to Canada by car without proper preparation of your vehicel? There is no way, of course. Servicing your vehicle before you set off is of utmost importance. If it is due a service then its probably a good idea to have it serviced slightly early before your trip. If a service isnt due then a basic service check at home will be sufficient.

Servicing Your Vehicle Before Your JourneyTo ensure the best performance from your car check your oil! Although most cars are now fitted with alarms that notify you if you are low its always best to check. Its relatively easy to change the filter as well as the oil or you can pop into local auto mechanic shops and have the change it for you.

Once you have checked your oil, then check all your wind shield wiper blades. Blades that are not working correctly can easily hinder visibility so replace and broken or cracked blades. Replacements can be purchased at any auto garage however be sure to check you have the right ones for your vehicle as they do vary!and have both your oil and oil filter changed for a small fee.

Headlights, brake lights, hazards and indicators should all be checked and working properly. Replace and bulbs or fuses where necessary and its probaly a good idea to buy extra and store them in your car just in case you need to replace one on your travels.

You may also want to inspect your brake pads for the most common bad brake symptoms.

Headlights

Undoubtedely the most important to check if you’re planning to travel to Canada by car are your tires. Check for wear and tear and take to a local dealership if any need replacing. Tire pressure is also important as if your tires are off balance then they can wear down and in some cases you can experience a blow out.

tires

Again your local garage will be able to check this for you if you do not have a pressure gauge at home. Refer to your owners manual for your vehicles correct tire pressure.

Travelling to Canada by car can be extremely enjoyable and as long as you have serviced your car correctly and are carrying the right documentation can be enjoyed without a hitch!

Bad Brakes Symptoms

Bad Brakes Symptoms

You need to watch for any warning signs that your brakes might be wearing out or having other mechanical problems. You never want to be without your brakes. Not only is that dangerous and terrifying for you, but it puts other drivers in danger too. Brakes are some of the most important features of your vehicle, so you need to be aware of any problems they might be having. These bad braes symptoms will tell you that your brakes require replacement. If so, you can take your car to the mechanic or install new brake pads yourself.

Five Daring Conception Autos for Citroen

Citroen

Conception cars are utilised to assist a brand show specific a possibility and visualization for the future. Very much like fashion models, a conception car suggests exactly what style functions and style which you can anticipate in your vehicle sometime soon. They may be fascinating and several manufactures apply it to demonstrate  their innovation and stand them aside from opponents.

Different Types of Car Brakes

Different Types of Car Brakes

Your car usually has a few different types of brakes, depending on the type of car you drive. At the very least, you will have two brake types. Every car has service brakes to make the car stop while you are driving, and an emergency braking system to keep your car in place when it is stopped. I’m going to talk a little bit about how each type of brake works and what purpose it serves in the operation of your car.

Disc Brakes

Disc Brakes

Many cars have disc brakes on the front wheels, and some have disc brakes on all four wheels. This brake type have a disc brake rotor attached to the wheel, and a caliper that holds the disc brake pads. When you push on your brakes, hydraulic pressure causes the caliper piston to clamp the disc brake pads around the disc brake rotor. This makes your car slow down.

Drum Brakes

Drum Brakes

Drum brakes are often used on the rear wheels of cars and work with the disc brakes on the front wheels to stop your car. Among different types of car brakes, drum brakes have the biggest number of parts, but they work well with emergency brake mechanisms. Drum brakes have four main parts: the brake drum, a wheel cylinder, brake shoes, and brake return springs. When you push your brakes, the wheel cylinder presses the brake shoes against the brake drum and stops your car.

Emergency and Parking Brakes

Emergency and Parking Brakes

Talking about types of car brakes, it is important to mention emergency or parking braking system. It is separate from the service brakes. A cable is used to mechanically apply the rear brake rather than relying on hydraulic pressure to apply the pressure. They are mostly used when you are parked and want to make sure your car stays parked. You can also use them in an emergency if your brakes fail.

Anti-Lock Brakes

anti-lock braking system ABS

Some newer cars come with anti-lock brakes. These brakes are computer-controlled by an anti-lock braking system (ABS). When you push on the brakes suddenly, the ABS keeps your wheels from locking up and your tires from skidding. This type of brakes is especially useful when driving in wet, snowy, or icy conditions.

As you can see, all types of brakes on cars serve different purposes, but are equally important for car safety. So, don’t forget about timely braking system maintenance. And make sure that you know these bad brakes symptoms!

Installing Brake Pads Yourself Is Simpler Than You Think

Installing Brake Pads

Brake pads are the most common brake repair you need to perform on your car. They wear out over time and have to be replaced multiple times throughout your car’s lifetime. You can always pay a professional mechanic to install new brake pads, but if you want to save some money, you might want to try installing brake pads yourself.

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